tussen hoefschoenen en ijzers?
Bekijk dan de video!
Nee, ik ben geen voorstander van ijzers. Eigenlijk een tegenstander. Ik zie dagelijks beslagen hoeven. Rampzalig. Voor de hoeven zelf en voor de paardenbenen. De hoeven in Nick’s artikel vormen geen uitzondering hoor.
Natuurlijk kan ik hier de voors- en tegens van ijzers gaan opnoemen. Maar dan heb je de mening van een hoeforthopeed. Ietwat gekleurd, nietwaar?
Lees hier de ervaringen van Nick Hill. Een hoefsmid, die ondervond dat ijzers niets oplossen en uiteindelijk de hoeven vernietigen. IJzers bleken een constant gevecht tegen de natuur.
Bron: Linda Chamberlain
I want you to meet a trained farrier – one that says he will never shoe again because of the harm it causes. He turned his back on the trade because separating the horse from the ground was the beginning of a destructive process. He became a barefoot trimmer because he was forever fighting against nature, causing the hoof to distort and break from constant renailing. With all our wisdom and technology, there had to be a better way…
His name is Nick Hill and he has a list of changes needed for the domestic horse that is shopping-list long. If anyone can make a few of these demands happen it is this quietly, committed man who travels the world educating owners about a new way of caring for the species.
There is more to looking after a horse’s hoof than the style or frequency of its trim. This animal urgently needs some changes in its care if it is to lead a healthy life.
Interestingly, he finds the same health issues affecting the horse in many different parts of the world. Domestication inevitably brings problems whether that animal is in the rain-soaked UK or sun-filled Kenya.
I have a picture in my mind of Nick fighting his way through customs with a hoof rasp and suspicious-looking knives in his bag; in reality he has met only a few raised eyebrows as he crosses international borders but I am astonished that he encounters the same equine issues in a long list of countries – USA, Tanzania, Kenya, South Africa, Namibia, Estonia, Italy, Portugal, Israel, Spain, France, Denmark, Netherlands, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Lesotho and the UK where he has held clinics aimed at improving the horses’ hooves…and lifestyle.
‘If inappropriate management is put in place and undue expectations are put on a species, then we shouldn’t be surprised when health becomes compromised. Domestication always throws up challenges, but it’s not a reason to simply say I can’t…better to ask how we can?’ he explains.
So, what is it we do to the horse around the world that compromises him so much?
Mankind has taken him from a herd-loving, free-roaming creature and given him a job to do. In exchange we offer a diet rich in cereals rather than forage and a small house of his very own to live in. To seal the animal’s fate we nail a shoe to his foot.
So wherever he goes, Nick sees laminitis, navicular and other man-made diseases of the hoof. He finds digestive upset, compromised immunity, mental distress from lack of movement as well as breathing problems thanks to confinement.
No wonder that an animal treated this way might have difficulties walking on his own feet.
And yet Nick warns, ‘Shoeing unbalances the whole horse and over a period of time will further distort the hoof. An unbalanced body makes for an unbalanced mind, which in turn affects the immune system. To cut the contact between the equid and the ground is the start of destroying of what makes him a horse. Shoes just mask problems, they don’t solve them.
‘Most farriers that I know would rather not shoe. It’s extremely hard, skilled work and once heading down that path they are fighting against nature and trying to stop the capsule from distorting and breaking up from the constant renailing.
‘Barefoot is the footwear of choice when the horse is born, if allowed to fully develop in a good environment and access to a more natural lifestyle and diet, then it’s simple. Barefoot is normal. The abnormalities come from misuse/abuse of the equine.’
He believes that any horse can go barefoot. Not all will cope being ridden but most transition without difficulty and recover well from these human-inflicted conditions. ‘People’s expectations of what horses can and should do must be looked at. It saddens me that the equine has fewer legal rights than any other species. It’s hard to understand when most humans mention how amazing and wonderful the equid is, yet if they truly understood the needs of the species then there would be a massive upheaval of the diet, lifestyle and expectations, which would be legislated for internationally.’
He’s right, you know. No zoo is allowed to treat the zebra the way most people treat the domestic horse. Legislation ensures the zebra’s need for herd life is respected. The horse’s need to socialise has not been squashed by thousands of years of domestication but it is often denied him thanks to the widespread use of single-stall stabling. Sometimes around the clock.
I asked Nick about the ideal diet for a barefoot horse.
His advice is to keep it as simple as possible and away from monocultured grass paddocks.
‘I usually say that if a bag of feed is promoted as healthy for horses then don’t use it. (There are companies out there that are making better products now). You need to research whatever you feed your horse. Don’t just believe what’s written on the bag.
‘People have really got to ask themselves why they are feeding what they are feeding. Horses should be treated as athletes, you wouldn’t expect an overweight person to be able to perform as an Olympian, so why expect a horse to move properly with excess weight, let alone carry a human. An overweight horse is not a healthy horse.’
‘Just take a look at groups of feral horses around the world, you will then see how horses need to live, social interaction, movement (yes there are some groups of feral horses that just survive and are not in the best conditions). You will at least see how far removed a lot of domesticated horses are from what nature intended.
‘If you look at feral horses in ideal environmental conditions you will see athletes who are sound and strong, healthy, alert and full of life, living like nature intended, with strong physical and mental health, sound, with short toes and heels, running over all substrates without having to worry.
‘Try and emulate the above and you will get a healthier equine. If your horse can’t move, socialise, eat little and often, then guess what? You are going to have problems.’
Before I give you Nick’s shopping-list for change let me tell you a bit about his background. It includes agricultural college and working in traditional livery yards as a riding instructor. He trained as a farrier because his own horses were struggling to stay sound.
‘This was in the Highlands of Scotland (before the Farriers’ Registration Council took control of the whole of the UK) and I also travelled to the USA.
‘I learnt several important lessons, both from the equines and other professionals. Everything pointed to the same conclusion – there must be a better way forward, for all involved in the industry.’
I often ask my interviewees about their vision for the horse’s future. Most give me a line or two. I love that Nick has been suitably ambitious.
As promised…here is the list…
‘The list is probably longer but let’s see,’ he says.
So, dear reader, if you could choose just one thing from Nick’s demands for the horse, what would it be? Tell us what you think is important by clicking on ‘comments’ and leaving some feedback. Press the follow button to keep in touch.
And if you want to get in touch with Nick you can find him on http://www.cloverroseequine.co.uk/
Zo luidt de heersende mening.
zijn ijzers in de dressuursport inderdaad van voordeel?
De wetenschappers Richard Mott en Julie Ellis van het Britse Warwickshire College hebben de kinematische verschillen onderzocht. (Kinematica = bewegingsleer).
Met highspeed camera's analyseerden ze de draf van beslagen en onbeslagen Ierse sportpaarden. De 20 paarden waren minimaal een jaar beslagen of zonder ijzers.
Gemiddelde leeftijd: 13 jaar.
Vijf sleutelindicatoren van de gangkwaliteit, die in de dressuur punten opleveren, werden geanalyseerd:
* de tijdsduur van een stap
* karpale flexie
* de lengte van een stap
* maximale vertikale hoefverplaatsing
De grootste verschillen waren in de karpale flexie en de maximale vertikale hoefverplaatsing.
Beslagen paarden hadden kortere stappen en een grotere gewrichtsflexie.
Niet beslagen paarden hadden minder gewrichtsflexie en minder maximale vertikale hoefverplaatsing.
De overige indicatoren waren bij beslagen en onbeslagen paarden gelijk.
Volgens Mott en Ellis zijn paarden die minimaal 12 maanden beslagen zijn, gewend aan het gewicht van de ijzers.
Beslagen paarden lieten geen significant verschil zien in 4 van de 5 kinematische variabelen.
De onderzoekers concludeerden dat beslagen paarden geen competitief voordeel hebben tegenover hun onbeslagen concurrenten.
Deze bevindingen verschillen van voorgaande onderzoeken die aantonen dat ijzers de kwaliteit van de gangen beïnvloeden.
Maar met een verhoogd risico van blessures.